Hanoi (VNA) – The United Nations Environment Program selected “Ecosystem restorationAs the theme of World Environment Day 2021 (June 5) in order to unite all the countries of the world to protect and revive ecosystems, for the good of man and nature. The Day also marked the launch of the United Nations Decade for Ecosystem Restoration (2021 – 2030).
Vietnam has worked hard to implement synchronous nature-based solutions when developing national, regional and provincial zoning plans; the creation and management of nature reserves; and the implementation of conservation and sustainable use models.
Ecosystems – the foundation of life
According to the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES), ecosystems on earth – the foundation of life – are seriously deteriorating. The consumption of wildlife products and the destruction of habitats facilitate the transmission of infectious diseases to humans.
If humans do not change their behavior towards nature, pandemics will occur frequently in the future, injure more people and cause more severe losses to the global economy compared to the COVID-19 pandemic, noted the ‘IPBES.
Natural Resources and Environment Minister Tran Hong Ha said that facing the same concern with other countries, Vietnam is witnessing rapid degradation of biodiversity.
It is the fact that people will suffer immeasurable consequences if the human-nature relationship loses its balance, he warned, noting that the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic is also the result of an ecological imbalance.
Areas with important natural ecosystems in Vietnam are shrinking. The area of âânatural forests increased from 12 million hectares in 1945 to 2.8 million hectares in 2017, according to the Nature and Biodiversity Conservation Agency of the Vietnamese Environment Administration reporting from the Ministry of Natural Resources and the Environment (MoNRE).
In terms of marine and coastal ecosystems, hard corals are also in decline. Data has shown that up to 63.5% of coral reefs are in poor condition, with less than 25% coverage. The number of wild species and their populations have also declined sharply. Many species with high values ââhave even been pushed to the brink of extinction.
Faced with this fact, the MoNRE felt that it is necessary to carry out analyzes to serve as a basis for the implementation of major policies while conservation awareness must be promoted, practical measures taken and a roadmap. implementation designed.
As the degradation of ecosystems will lead to an ecological imbalance which in turn will directly affect the living environment of humans and threaten the sustainable development of the country, Vietnam has strived to expand nature reserves and conserve important natural ecosystems. national and international.
In particular, it has strengthened protection of virgin forests to ensure that the area of ââprotected virgin forests is maintained at 0.57 million hectares, taken measures to prevent deforestation and illegal logging, and implemented measures to prevent deforestation and illegal logging. plans to reclaim coastal mangrove forests.
Start with small acts
The theme of World Environment Day 2021, âRestoring ecosystemsâ, is closely associated with that of this year’s International Day for Biological Diversity (22 May), âWe are part of the #ForNature solutionâ, launched by the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity.
The Deputy Minister of Natural Resources and Environment Vo Tuan Nhan, very attached to the importance of ecosystems for life and the benefits for humans, said that it is only when ecosystems are healthy that the people’s livelihoods can be improved, as climate change is addressed and biodiversity collapse is avoided.
“I believe that with changes in consciousness, awareness and behavior of humans, and a truly humane and responsible treatment of nature, we can limit the collapse of biodiversity,” added the official.
On this occasion, he also called on administrations at all levels, sectors, organizations and individuals to develop initiatives and solutions and take concrete measures to restore and protect natural ecosystems in Vietnam./.